I used 2 yards for the skirt. The fabric is a double border along the length of the selvage. This allowed me to have a full skirt and match the border print along the center back.
From the edge of the selvage(which has printed information on it) to the beginning of the border print is 3 inches.
I carefully cut off the selvage because the printed words would show through. I turned up the fabric 1/4 inch then turned up again 1 inch. the hem was then stitched by hand.
I decided to add a small hot pink cotton rick rack to the hem line. I know I could just straight stitch the rick rack down but I don't like the way rick rack looks after it has been washed and all the points are curling. Plus, I know my granddaughter likes a little bling!
Starting at the center back, I used tiny dots of basting glue and applied the rick rack where I wanted it. After everything was dry, I stitched seed beads to the points of the rick rack. I used short lengths of thread because this is a dress for a very active 3 year old.
Everything has been totally chaotic since my last post. I promise to finish up the picture smocking tutorial. Think of it as getting a jump on your Christmas 2014 smocking.
We have had one winter storm after another (next ice storm arrives this Tuesday). Between the farm, animals and an old farm house we have been kept busy. Of course the electric blanket stops working on MY SIDE of the bed!
I am also happy to announce that my youngest son is engaged! Plans are in the works for a May wedding. I can't wait to share what I am working on for the wedding shower.
In between storms and power outages I have been working on two new design for sale on my web page janet-gilbert.com.
The first one is "Irish Dance"
The second one is "Lets Party"
I hope they both spark your imagination and creativity!
We left off in this tutorial with tying off our floss. Now we need to rethread our needle with 4 new strands of floss that has been stripped and tweaked like we did in the very beginning.
We are going to stack our next row but we are increasing the number of cable stitches. Our design calls for 9 cables starting and ending with an Up stitch.
You can choose to start the new row to the left or right of center. It is totally a matter of choice. I am going to start to the right of the center line.
Just as we have done before, we are going to take the needle and floss through the back of a pleat to secure the knot. Bring the needle up through the bottom between the 4 and 5 pleat to the right of the center line.
Bring the needle and floss through the pleat on the right and we are ready to start stacking again.
I am going to stack 9 cable stitches.
Sometimes I use my needle to "Lay down" a stitch. Making sure my floss is separated, I place my needle under the floss. While applying a very slight tension to the floss with the needle, I am going to pull my floss gently down.
You could also use a needle trolly for this. To be totally honest, I have tried a needle trolley but didn't like it for several reason. One reason is everyone in the house liked to play Edward Scissor Hands with it. The second reason is I tended to poke myself every time I needed to push up my glasses. :-)
Okay, enough of sewing tools used for weapons of mass destruction. Our next row we are increasing again. Our design calls for 11 cables stitches starting and ending with an Up stitch.
This row is going to be a little different only because it is our 5th cable row. This insert was pleated on a 24 row pleater. This allows us 5 cable rows between pleating thread rows.
The same way a brick layer would use a level line we are going to use our pleating thread to make sure everything is level.
My fifth row is going to be just under and kissing the pleating thread row. If your picture smocking was perfect you would just stitch your 11 cable stitches. But since the world and my smocking is not always perfect I use these rows to get back on tract.
I am going to start my increase row as usual (Come up in the valley between the pleats then take my needle to the left through the pleat.)
To straighten out your picture smocking we are going to either fluffy the cable row a little by laying down the cable stitch as shown before……..
Or we may need to flatten out a stitch with the side of our needle. Neither of these techniques are substitutes for bad cable stitches. If these slight adjustment don't work and you are really off then you will need to take out the previous row and restack the cable row and make corrections.
Everyone back on track? Our next row is something new. This row is a mirror image 11 cables.
When we ended our row before, we slanted our needle on the last pleat as usual. This would bring the needle and thread in the center valley of our first stitch on this row.
I have stitched these matching rows 2 different ways. One is to just bring your needle and floss through the bottom of the pleat (as shown) so we are ready to stitch our cable row.
This works, but I find it doesn't give much support to my first cable stitch. After years of picture smocking I really prefer something different.
After I have stitched my last cable on the row before and my needle and floss are in the valley of pleat 5 and 6 (from the center line).
I take my needle down to the back through the bottom of that valley.
Bring my needle and floss back up the same valley but not in the same needle hole.
Then bring my needle and floss to the right through the bottom of the pleat as shown.
Notice that my needle depth with either technique is identical to the previous row.
We are almost done! Two rows left. We are decreasing on both rows. The first row will be 9 cable stitches and the second will be 7 cable stitches. Both rows are starting and stopping with a Down stitch.
Lets see if you know how to proceed on your own.
Walla we are done (with the Gingerbread Girl's head)!
Oh No!……...Before I tied off my floss I noticed the dreaded "Two headed Cable Stitch". I knew this would bug me so I unstitched my last row and fixed it by making sure my floss was really separated and slanting my needle more on the last stitch.
Now we are done!
What next? Normally, I would say we were going to turn our work over and finish the body of the Gingerbread girl. Since the Gingerbread Boy's head is identical and everything is fresh in our mind, your homework is to duplicate what you have just learned.
You know how to read the design and dissect it.
How to choose your starting spot.
How to strip and and squeak you floss.
How to tie on.
How to start your row.
How to decrease a stacked cable row.
How to increase a stacked cable row.
How to stitch a matching cable row.
And how to tie off.
Note: We are getting ready for an Ice storm followed by snow to hit here at the farm on Friday. Due to the possibilities of having no electricity the next installment may be delayed. We are busy getting the farm prepared for the possibilities (gas for the generator and the vehicles, wood rack filled up, extras straw in the chicken house, everything charged up and something for me to smock) Stay safe and warm!~jg
(if you need to see any of the pictures up close just click on them)
We are going to work upwards completing the Gingerbread Girls's head.
When we stitch the second row, each cable is going to match up with a cable from the previous row. Think of it like an online dating service…."Everyone has a match"
If you need more visual help, dig out a set of Lego's and practice stacking.
Besides stacking our next cable row we are also going to decrease the row. The row above is going to be smaller the the row before.
The next row, according to our designs, is 11 cable stitches and starts again with a Down Cable.
Bring the needle and floss down in the valley of the last pleat. We are going to do the same steps we did when we started with the very first stitch. Bring the needle and floss up in the center valley of where we want our next cable to be.
Notice something different? Look at the hint of the green border….we have turned our insert over.
Now, repeating what we did on our very first cable we are bringing our needle and floss through the pleat on the left so we are in position to stitch our second cable row.
After we have stitched our 11 cable stitches we are going to again slant the last stitch.
Congratulations! We have stacked a cable row. I've turned the insert back right side up (notice the green border?)
Now, check your work to make sure everything is correct. I have noticed that my floss is beginning to show some wear. I can get the next row smocked but I am going to have to change threads after that.
On our next row, we are going to be decreasing in the number of cable stitches again but we are going to start with an Up Cable. Bring the needle and the floss down in the valley of our last pleat so we are ready for the next row.
Each cable row is about 1/8" wide. When I bring my needle and floss up I don't want to be exactly next to the previous row. Just eyeballing it, my needle and floss are coming up about 1/16" or half the width of my cable row.
As we have done before, the needle and floss are going through the pleat on the left. We are now lined up to start on next cable row.
We are stitching 7 cable stitches, starting with an Up Stitch. Notice the distance of this first cable compared to the row below.
Now when we take our second cable stitch, which is a Down cable stitch, everything is lining up perfect. If the row is not lining up, take the stitches out and reposition them. Remember to keep a consistent stitch depth.
I have finished my last stitch on the row and have slanted my last stitch as we have done before. My floss is showing wear so it is time to tie off and start with new floss.
To tie off, we bring the needle and floss to the back.
Take a tiny stitch in the back of a pleat.
Go through the loop.
Then go through the second loop and tug gently to form the knot. I leave about a 1/2 inch tail.
To be continued……….. Up next, Increasing our cable row!
Find a comfortable place to sit with good lighting and lets begin……
Choose one of the designs to the left or right of the center design to begin with. The reason for this is because the center design will be the focal point. As you smock your stitches will get better. Leaving the best for last.
I am going to start with the Gingerbread Girl. Choose your floss colors. I am going to use DMC #400 (brown) for the Gingerbread. #911(green) for the Christmas tree and #956 (pink) for the border for this tutorial.
Looking at the smocking design, notice where I have selected to start. This is a suggested location. You can choose any location to start as that long as it is on a pleating row. You could start on the outside edge or start in the center and work outward.
I am going to start 9 pleats to the left (as you look at the smocking plate) of the gingerbread girl on row 4.
We have dissected the smocking design, now we are going to break down the picture smocking design down to the lowest common denominator …….The Cable Stitch.
We are going to start by threading the needle with 4 strands of floss(brown) that has been stripped. In all of these photos my floss has only been "squeaked".
Make a knot on one end. We are going to bring the needle through the back of one of the pleats near where we are starting. Four strands of floss makes a bigger knot. I do not want the knot to fall in the valley of the pleats and give me a lump to smock around.
Gently pull the needle and floss till it is snug.
Bring the needle up in the valley between pleat 8 and 9. I have placed a straight pin to show you the edge of the design on that row.
I like to make my first row to be a just slightly above the pleating threads. This is a matter of choice. You could also make your first row straddle the pleating thread, just watch that you don't go catch your pleating threads.
Now, bring the needle to the left through the 9th pleat. Take notice of the depth of your needle. You will take a slightly deeper bite then you would with a geometric smocking plate.
Now we are ready to take our first cable stitch. According to the design this will be a Down Cable.
Keeping your needle parallel to your pleating threads and at the same depth bring your needle through the pleat.
Walla! A perfect cable stitch. Notice that my floss looks like a ribbon. This is good.
This picture is included for three reasons. The first is so you can see the depth of the needle through the pleat. The second reason is to talk about how you hold your insert.
I prefer to keep my insert sideways (as shown in this picture) so that I am smocking away from myself. I find it reduces the carpal tunnel in my wrist. This is a matter of choice. Choose to hold your insert/smocking the way it is most comfortable for you.
The third reason is to show you how to make the second cable. Keep the needle parallel and the depth consistent.
How is your floss doing? Sometimes it just doesn't behave. If your floss has become twisted after you have already made your stitch just pull it up and smooth it out with the eye end of your needle.
If your floss is really twisted, you can slide your needle down the floss so that it is laying on your insert and then straight out the threads.
Continue stitching your cable row. We need 17 cables for first row.
When you get to the neon green thread that marks the center be carefull not to catch the thread.
When you get to the end of the row to stop the last stitch of the Picture Smocking from making a "Y", I am going to slant my last stitch.
I am going to keep my needle straight as I have previously done. But before I pull my needle through the fabric I am going to pull the eye end of the needle to one side twisting the pleat. Then pull the needle and floss through.
We have back smocked our insert, and we have dissected the smocking plate we are going to use, and we have marked the centerlines of the different designs.
Now lets talk about the floss……..
1. To insure good coverage you need to use 4-6 strands of floss.
The normal amount is 4 strands of floss. Depending on your design and your fabric you may need to use more threads. For example, I smocked sheep on a hot pink bishop. I used 5 strands of floss to keep the pink from showing through.
2. The length of floss for Picture Smocking needs to be about 15-17 inches.
The reason for this is thread wears as it is pulled through the fabric. The more wear, the thinner the floss. The thinner the floss, the less likely the floss will cover. If you use a longer length of floss, by the time you got to the end of the floss it will have been pulled through the fabric more and the floss will be worn thin.
3. The last thing about floss and the most important is the floss need to be separated. This is called "stripping the floss".
To strip your floss, the best method is called "The bonk and strip". Okay, get your mind out of the gutter! :-)
Lets start with the "Bonk". Hold the floss (all 6 strands) in between your thumb and your first finger. With your first finger on your other hand, you are going to bonk the top of the floss several times.
You will notice in this photo (besides the fact that I need an manicure) that the end of the floss fans out and every thread is separated.
While you are still holding your floss that you have "Bonked" you can now "Strip" the floss. With your other hand grab one strand of floss and pull up quickly. Repeat.
To help keep your threads separated you can use some of these products. These products are just options and are not mandatory.
The first product is starch.
This is a Starch Box that was made by the Web Smockers and given out as a table favor at the SAGA convention. Thanks Webbies!
To starch your threads, mix one part liquid starch with 3 parts water. I use distilled water. I pour the mixture into a wide mouth half pint canning jar or a baby food jar. Anything with a lid. You can use the mixture from the jar or soak the small sponge that is in the Starch Box.
Dip your stripped floss into the starch mixture. As you pull the floss out you are going to squeegee the excess water of the floss by pulling the floss between your fingers.
Let the floss dry. The floss should have some body to it after being starched. It should not resemble dried pasta.
The next product is Thread Heaven.
It is a silicone based product. To use it, you place the stripped thread on top of the jell stuff. Hold the floss down with one finger then drag/pull the floss through with your other hand.
And the last product is a piece of wool fabric.
Wet your stripped floss with water or spit. Place the wool around the floss as shown. While holding the wool and floss, pull the floss through with the other hand. The floss should squeak as it is being pulled through.
Products or techniques I do not use are Bees Wax and ironing my floss. I don't like the residue that bees wax leaves and life is too short to iron my floss.
The last ingredient is the Needle.
You need to use a needle with a very large eye . When you are Picture smocking you need to use 4-6 strands of floss. If those strands of floss are trying to squeeze through a small opening then they will not lay flat. If you use a large eyed needle it will make a bigger hole.
I prefer to use a # 2 Crewel Needle or a Cotton Darner. The length of the needle is a personal choice. I like to use a shorter needle.
Remember the smaller the number the the larger the needle